In the narrow sense, ivory is the fangs of male elephants, and broadly can also refer to the fangs or bones of other animals (such as mammoths, hippos, wild boars, walruses, whales, etc.). Ivory is often processed into art, jewelry or jewelry, and it is also processed into billiard balls and piano keys, which is a very expensive raw material. The chemical composition of the teeth or cavities of all mammals is the same, so the "ivory" materials from different animals are essentially the same. The color of the ivory of different animals may be slightly different. Teeth and cavities are originally the same substance. Teeth are special structures used for chewing. Tooth decay is an elongated, protruding tooth that evolves from the tooth and is generally used as a defensive weapon.
Because ivory can be used as a noble material for jewellery, especially elephants are hunted and almost extinct. The Associated Press news, the International Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network (TRAFFIC) recently said that 2011 is a disaster year for African elephants, perhaps the worst year since the ban on ivory trade in 1989.
According to the number of ivory seized, at least 2,500 elephants were hunted in 2011. There are indications that organized crime, especially from Asia, is increasing, engaging in elephant poaching for illegal ivory transactions. According to estimates from Tanzania's environmental research agency, Tanzania's SelousGameReserve, about 50 elephants are poached every month and ivory is cut off.
Many African countries, including Zimbabwe and South Africa, emphasize that ivory trade is necessary, first to stimulate the economies of these countries, and secondly to control the number of elephants, otherwise the proliferation of words can cause damage to the environment. In 2002, the United Nations allowed some countries to export quantitative ivory. But a 1999 study by the University of Oxford showed that only one percent of the $500 million in annual ivory trade reached Africa, most of which was collected by intermediaries, so the ivory trade was suspicious of the efficiency of African economic development.
China completely bans the import and export of African ivory and its products
As a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), China has been seriously performing its duties.
Since 1981, China has completely banned the international trade of Asian ivory and its products; since January 1990, China has begun to control the number of imported African ivory; since June 1990, China has stopped importing directly from African producing countries. African ivory; from January 11, 1991, China began a total ban on the import and export of African ivory and its products.
Since 1997, due to the impact of CITES's conditional restoration of ivory trade decisions, foreign smugglers have driven China as an ivory smuggling destination, resulting in the smuggling and trafficking of ivory and its products in some parts of China. In order to crack down on the illegal trade in ivory and its products, the State Forestry Administration issued the value standard for ivory and its products in 2001, stipulating that the value standard of each ivory involved is 250,000 yuan, and the value of ivory and its products per kilogram. The standard is 416.67 million yuan.
Chinaâ€™s Criminal Law also imposes extremely severe criminal penalties for criminal acts of smuggling, illegal acquisition, transportation, and sale of ivory and its products.
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